Beijing city in Ming dynasty

Beijing is named after the Ming emperor zhu di reigned, move to Peiping after the change,it was named to against the name of Nan Jing . In August 1368, the Ming army general rate of managed to capture the meta mostly. Although yuan shun emperor fled MoBei, its many troops are still stranded in mostly around, always threat of mostly, yuan general speed was also honoured tongzhou. Zhu yuanzhang immediately ordered general regular book rate most heavily destroyed around the yuan army. In June 1369, regular book flattened mostly near the yuan of residual forces. Battle report delivered to the court, zhu yuanzhang with “thistle north ho ping” the name of the yuan dynasty “fu beiping” instead. This is the origin of Beijing also called beiping. The Ming emperor zhu di (Ming), in 1406 (yunglo four years), was given a letter to the move to Peiping, and changed the Peiping to Beijing with nanjing relative meaning. On September 27, 1949, the first plenary session of the Chinese people’s political consultative conference unanimously by the countries of the People’s Republic of China is scheduled for beiping, this date beiping renamed Beijing. Beijing is an ancient capital with a history of more than three thousand years, in different dynasties have different appellation, generally consisting of more than 20 nicknames.

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běi jīng shì míng chéng zǔ zhū dì cuàn zhèng hòu ,qiān dōu běi píng hòu gǎi de ,yì yǔ nán jīng xiàng duì zhī yì 。 1368nián 8yuè ,míng dà jiāng xú dá lǜ dà jun1 gōng zhàn le yuán dà dōu 。suī rán yuán shùn dì táo wǎng le mò běi ,dàn qí xǔ duō jun1 duì réng zhì liú zài dà dōu zhōu wéi ,shí shí wēi xié zhe dà dōu ,yuán jiāng lǐng yě sù jiù céng bīng lín tōng zhōu 。zhū yuán zhāng dāng jí mìng lìng dà jiāng cháng yù chūn lǜ zhòng bīng xiāo miè dà dōu zhōu wéi de yuán jun1 。1369nián 6yuè ,cháng yù chūn dàng píng le dà dōu fù jìn yuán de cán yú jun1 duì 。zhàn bào sòng dá cháo tíng ,zhū yuán zhāng biàn yǐ “jì běi xī píng ”wéi míng ,jiāng yuán dà dōu gǎi wéi “běi píng fǔ ”。zhè yě jiù shì běi jīng yě chēng běi píng de lái lì 。 míng dài huáng dì zhū dì (míng chéng zǔ ),1406nián (yǒng lè sì nián ),bān zhào qiān dōu běi píng ,bìng bǎ běi píng gǎi wéi běi jīng ,yì yǔ nán jīng xiàng duì zhī yì 。 1949nián 9yuè 27rì ,zhōng guó rén mín zhèng zhì xié shāng huì yì dì yī jiè quán tǐ huì yì yī zhì tōng guò zhōng huá rén mín gòng hé guó de guó dōu dìng yú běi píng ,jí rì qǐ běi píng gǎi míng běi jīng 。 běi jīng shì yī zuò yǒu zhe sān qiān duō nián lì shǐ de gǔ dōu ,zài bú tóng de cháo dài yǒu zhe bú tóng de chēng wèi ,dà zhì suàn qǐ lái yǒu èr shí duō gè bié chēng 。

明朝版图

北京是明成祖朱棣篡政后,迁都北平后改的,意与南京相对之意。 1368年8月,明大将徐达率大军攻占了元大都。虽然元顺帝逃往了漠北,但其许多军队仍滞留在大都周围,时时威协着大都,元将领也速就曾兵临通州。朱元璋当即命令大将常遇春率重兵消灭大都周围的元军。1369年6月,常遇春荡平了大都附近元的残余军队。战报送达朝庭,朱元璋便以“蓟北悉平”为名,将元大都改为“北平府”。这也就是北京也称北平的来历。 明代皇帝朱棣(明成祖),1406年(永乐四年),颁诏迁都北平,并把北平改为北京,意与南京相对之意。 1949年9月27日,中国人民政治协商会议第一届全体会议一致通过中华人民共和国的国都定于北平,即日起北平改名北京。 北京是一座有着三千多年历史的古都,在不同的朝代有着不同的称谓,大致算起来有二十多个别称。

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