s5846658Here we have two groups of similar Chinese words, now we compare the words between each others. These words are useful for senior students.

今天,让我们继续学习两组相近的汉语词汇,看看他们的不同。这些词对中高级水平的学生来说非常有用哦!

jīn tiān , ràng wǒ men jì xù xué xí liǎng zǔ xiāng jìn de hàn yǔ cí  huì , kàn kan tā men de bù tóng 。 zhè xiē cí duì zhōng gāo jí shuǐ píng de xué sheng lái shuō fēi cháng yǒu yòng ò !

[必须、必需] [ bì xū 、 bì xū ]

“bì xū” – These two words have the pronunciation, but the meaning is totally different, so these words make Chinese learners very confused.

必须: this word is an adverb ,when you use it, it can emphasize… it always use as adverbial modifier. (1) it means surely want to do, to emphasize the necessary of something truth or rule. It can has verb or adjective following, sometimes it can be used before clause.(2) to emphasize (3)this word’s negative is “no”

For example: for accomplish this job, each one must work hard.

“必须”是副词,有强调语气作用,多作状语。(1)表示一定要,强调事实或情理上的必要性。后面带动词或带形容词,有时还可以用分句前面;(2)加强命令语气;(3)“必须“的否定形式是“无须、不须、不必”。

如:为了按时完成这项任务,大家必须努力工作。

“必需”是动词,表示一定得有、不可缺少的,作定语或作谓语。

如:空气和水是生活的必需条件。

必需:you can use it as a verb, it means must have ,necessary, it use as attribute and predicate. For example :air and water are necessary condition for human’s life.

“ bì xū 必须” shì fù cí ,yǒu qiáng diào yǔ qì zuò yòng , duō zuò zhuàng yǔ 。(1)biǎo shì yí dìng yào , qiáng diào shì shí huò qíng lǐ shàng de bì yào xìng 。 hòu mian dài dòng cí huò dài xíng róng cí , yǒu shí hái kě yǐ yòng zài fēn jù qián mian ;

(2)jiā qiáng mìng lìng yǔ qì ;“

(3) bì xū “ de fǒu dìng xíng shì shì “ wú xū 、 bù xū 、 bú bì ” 。

rú : wèi le àn shí wán chéng zhè xiàng rèn wù , dà jiā bì xū nǔ lì gōng zuò 。

“ bì xū 必需” shì dòng cí , biǎo shì yí dìng dé yǒu 、 bù kě quē shǎo de , zuò dìng yǔ huò zuò wèi yǔ 。

rú : kōng qì hé shuǐ shì shēng huó de bì xū tiáo jiàn 。

[参加、加入]   [ cān jiā、jiā rù ]

“canjia” and “jiaru” both can translate to attend, join etc, so the student who relies on translation, may be puzzled.

u=2052083283,4043313632&fm=21&gp=0“canjia” the scope to use this word more widely, it can used attend a specific organization , an activity, or a meeting.

For example: tomorrow I will attend my friend’s wedding.

“jiaru” just use for an organization ,one party “ from this day I will join the youth group of china .”

“参加”应用范围宽,可以具体组织或某项活动,也可以是会议。

如:我明天要去参加朋友的婚礼。

“加入”只用于具体组织,如加入共青团。

如:从今天起,我正式加入中国共青团。

“ cān jiā ” yìng yòng fàn wéi kuān , kě yǐ jù tǐ zǔ zhī huò mǒu xiàng huó dòng , yě kě yǐ shì huì yì 。

rú : wǒ míng tiān yào qù cān jiā péng you de hūn lǐ 。

“ jiā rù ” zhī yòng yú jù tǐ zǔ zhī , rú jiā rù gòng qīng tuán 。

rú : cóng jīn tiān qǐ , wǒ zhèng shì jiā rù zhōng guó gòng qīng tuán 。

 

By Mary & Teresa